• The capability and quality of the teacher determines the success of any educational system (Joolideh & Jashodhara, 2008). Since teaching is a demanding profession, commitment and perseverance have been identified as critical factors for the success of educational institutions (Hueberman, 1993). In particular, a teacher's commitment is deemed instrumental in reaching out to this degree of success. Teachers need to engage in their work daily with their heads and their hearts (Day, 2004; Elliott & Crosswell, 2001; Fried, 1995; Nias, 1996). Thus, previous studies have focused on administrators and teachers in private and public secondary schools (Balay, 2000) to document organizational commitment and school's environmental robustness (Hart & Willower, 1994). As teachers are the central element in the educational system understanding their behaviour and attitudes needs more attention in organizations (Tsui & Cheng, 1999).There is a gap in research on organizational commitment in the educational domain in India, and therefore, the present study was proposed to investigate the effects of work motivation and work tenure on organizational commitment of college teachers in India. Organizational commitment refers to the employee's emotional attachment to, identification and involvement with the organization. Porter, Steers, Mowday and Boulian (1974), defined it as "strong belief in and acceptance of the organizational goals and values, willingness to exert considerable efforts on behalf of the organization and a definite desire to maintain organizational membership" (Porter et al., 1974, p.604 ) It is generally considered as a three-dimensional construct comprising of affective commitment, continuance commitment and normative commitment (Allen & Meyer 1996; Boehman, 2006; Canipe, 2006; Greenberg, 2005; Karrasch, 2003). Researchers have found organizational commitment to be negatively related to turnover (Cooper-Hawkin & Viswasvaarn, 2005), counterproductive behaviours (Dalal, 2005) and absenteeism (Farrel & Stam, 1988). On the other hand, organizational commitment is positively related to job satisfaction (Cooper-Hawkin & Viswasvaarn, 2005), organizational citizenship behaviours (Riketta, 2002) and motivation (Mathieu & Zajac, 1990).Work Motivation: For the overall effective functioning of an educational institution, a teacher's motivation appears to be a crucial factor, as it predicts not only the teacher's engagement and well-being but also the students' outcomes, such as motivation and learning. Motivation aims to push workers towards improved performance and high productivity (Tung, 1981). Work motivation is the psychological force within a person that determines the direction of the person's behaviour in an organization, their level of effort and the level of persistence they display in the face of obstacle. It is typically determined by the individual's motivation to work hard. High motivation implies that greater efforts are exerted and higher performance is gained (Mitchell, 1982). Luthans (1998) proposed that motivation is a process that arouses, energizes, directs and sustains behaviour and performance. Thus keeping employees motivated is a must in order to make them satisfied and committed to their jobs.Work Tenure: A review of existing literature shows that tenure i.e., the number of years in a job, is one of the most important antecedents of organizational commitment (Becker, 1960; Mathieu & Zajac, 1990; Meyer & Allen, 1977; Shoemaker, Snizek & Bryant, 1977; Sheldon, 1971). Becker (1960), argued that over a period of time, certain costs accrue that make it difficult for the person to disengage from a consistent line of activity, namely, maintaining membership in the organization, so that employees who have a greater tenure within an organization feel a deeper commitment. Contradictory, Meyer and Allen (1984) have demonstrated a weak relationship between organizational commitment and tenure. … ()
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  • 2017-04-28 ()
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  • 2014-01-01 ()
  • GC University Lahore ()
  • 24690 ()
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  • Effect of Work Motivation and Tenure on Organizational Commitment of College Teachers in India ()
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