• In the twentieth century, there were great changes in lifestyles and the labor force. People began to live longer, women entered the labor force en masse, and people began to have a period of retirement before they died. In the twenty-first century, the increase in life expectancy is continuing, but, overall, the female labor force participation in the developed countries is no longer increasing. In addition, although a period of retirement has remained the norm, it is being pushed back to older ages, and people are continuing to work in their sixties and beyond, either full-time, part-time, at their career jobs, or at bridge jobs. The most notable result of these changes is the large increases in the labor force participation rates of women over 60. ()
  • 0 ()
  • 2016-06-24 ()
  • 10.1007/978-3-319-09306-2_3 ()
  • 49 ()
  • 0 ()
is ?:hasCitingEntity of
  • en ()
  • 2015-01-01 ()
  • Springer International Publishing ()
  • 24178 ()
  • 28 ()
  • 31 ()
  • Older Women, Economic Power, and Consumerism ()
  • 51 ()


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